November (Samhain) 18th
1703 - On 18 November the Commons hears a petition from Sir Kildare Dixon Burrowes, John Allen, Robert Dixon, Francis Spring, Alexander Gradon (all MPs) and 'other inhabitants of the County of Kildare complaining, that the inhabitants of the said County have been under great oppressions and grievances by the exorbitant power of Maurice [another MP], John and Francis Annesley, Esqrs, Justices of the Peace'. Shortly before this, the burgesses and freemen of Naas have also complained about the activities of the Annesleys. The allegations against Maurice and Francis are found not to be proved, but John is found to have illegally extorted money under cover of warrants and fees and is removed as sheriff
1709 - Birth of Henry Loftus, Earl of Ely and 4th Viscount; politician and proprietor of several boroughs
1869 - James E Sullivan founder (Amateur Athletic Union) born
Sullivan also served as the chairman of the Greater New York Irish Athletic Association in 1903 and on the New York City Board of Education from 1908-1912. In 1930, the AAU established the James E. Sullivan Award in his honour. It is awarded annually to the best amateur athlete in the US. In 1977, he was inducted into the National Track & Field Hall of Fame
1873 - A three-day conference begins in Dublin to establish the Home Rule League. It will supersede Isaac Butt's Home Government Association
1880 - An historic meeting takes place at Queens Hotel, Belfast which will have far reaching effects on the administration of football in Ireland. At what is, in effect, the inaugural meeting of the Irish Football Association, the IFA elects its first President, Major Spencer Chichester and agrees to stage an annual Challenge Cup Competition
1899 - Death of William Allingham, poet
1905 - George Bernard Shaw's "Major Barbara," premiered in London.
1919 - H. Tierney's and J. McCarthy's musical "Irene," premiered in NYC.
1922 - Court martial of Erskine Childers begins
1926 - George Bernard Shaw refuses to accept the Nobel Prize money of ££7,000 awarded to him a year earlier. He said: "I can forgive Nobel for inventing dynamite, but only a fiend in human form could have invented the Nobel Prize."
1928 - Special Officer John Murphy was killed in an automobile accident in Scarsdale, New York, after arresting a man for unlawful hunting.
1939 - The Irish Republican Army exploded three bombs in Picadilly Circus.
1960 - The first Aer Lingus Boeing jet Padraig arrives at Dublin Airport
1969 - Joseph P Kennedy dies in Hyannis Port , Massachusetts, at 81
1999 - Former US senator George Mitchell makes his final report into the Good Friday Agreement; he urges the IRA to appoint its representative to discuss disarmament on the same day the new power-sharing government is set up
2000 - Ensign Marie Gleeson of Cashel becomes the first female cadet to capture the prestigious Fastnet Trophy. The award is given to the cadet who achieves first place in his or her class
2002 - The Belfast High Court is told that Sinn Fééin's administration office manager at Stormont, Denis Donaldson, is an active member of the IRA's intelligence unit with connections to terrorist groups in Europe and in El Salvador.
2005 - Officer Christopher Doyle (LA) died after contracting an internal virus while conducting rescue operations during Hurricane Katrina.
St. Mawes, Abbot(Maws, Maudetus, Maudez)
Died 6th century. The lives of the 6th century Irish saints frequently contain startling elements, and that of Saint Mawes is no exception.Even his birth was remarkable. His mother was called Azenor and lived in Brittany. One day she was thrown into the sea near Brest, with only a barrel for a boat. There Mawes was born. Mother and son stayed in the cask for five months, till they were washed up alive on the coast of Ireland.
He moved from Ireland as an adult to live as a hermit near Falmouth in Cornwall, thus founding a fishing village of which he is the patron.Then, in the days of King Childbert I, Saint Mawes decided to return to the land of his mother. On his way to Brittany, he visited Devon andCornwall, preaching outdoors and founding a town on the River Fal named after him.
Then he and his followers sailed for Brittany. Landing on an island just off the coast of France near Leon, Ile Modez (Maudez), the saintshowed his skill by clearing it of vermin, setting fire to the dried vegetation to do this. He also gained a reputation as a fine teacher.Many churches in the region are dedicated to him--testifying to his influence and missionary zeal.
One reason for Saint Mawe's return to Brittany is said to have been to escape yellow fever in Ireland. He subsequently became famed for hisability to cure many kinds of sickness. After his death, the earth under which he was buried was often taken away, mixed with water andused as medicine.
The saint eventually established a monastic community on Saint Maudez Island. One day the last fire on the island wasaccidentally extinguished. Mawes sent a serving boy at low tide to cross to the mainland and bring back a flame. As the boy set off back,the tide came in. The waves rose higher and higher, threatening to engulf the flame; but the boy stood on a rock,prayed to Saint Mawes, and discovered the rock rising miraculously so that it never sank beneath the sea. When the tide went out again, theflame was successfully transported to Saint Maudez (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, D'Arcy, Encyclopaedia, Farmer).
In art Saint Mawes is portrayed as a schoolmaster (according to Leland). He is venerated at Falmouth and in Brittany (Roeder), where 60 churches and chapels are named after him. The relics of Saint Mawes are venerated at Quimper, Treguier, Lesneven, and Bourges (which claims his body). He is invoked against headache, worms, and snake bite (Farmer).
St. Ronan of Drumshallon
There are twelve Irish saints bearing the name of Ronan commemorated in the "Martyrology of Donegal"; of these the most celebrated are: St. Ronan of Ulster, brother of St. Carnech, and grandson of Loarn, d. 11 January, 535; St. Ronan, son of Berach, a disciple of the great St. Fechin of Fore. He became first Abbot of Drumshallon, and d. 18 November, 665. St. Ronan Fionn is honoured as patron of Lan Ronan (Kelminiog) in Iveagh. His feast is celebrated on 22 May, both in Ireland and Scotland. St. Ronan of Iona is explicitly referred to by St. Bede as one of the protagonists of the Roman custom of celebrating Easter as against the Irish tradition, and he had a warm controversy on the subject with his countryman St. Finan, Bishop of Lindisfarne, 660. This controversy was ended at the Synod of Whitby, in 664, when St. Ronan's views were upheld. St. Ronan of Lismore was a distinguished successor of St. Carthage, and several Munster churches were built in his honour. His feast is celebrated on 9 February 763. Another saint of this name is best known by the ruined church of Kilronan, Co. Roscommon, where Turlogh O'Carolan and Bishop O'Rourke are buried.
St. Constant, Martyr
Died 777. Saint Constant, an Irish priest-hermit at Lough Erne, was known for his sanctity and the miracles wrought at his intercession. Hedied under circumstances that led to his being venerated as a martyr (Benedictines, Husenbeth).
St. Keverne of Cornwall
6th century. Saint Keverne is associated with Saint Kieran (f.d. March 5) or Pyran (f.d. March 5). He may have been a friend of the latter ormay indeed be the same person (Benedictines).
The Five parishes of St Anthony, Manaccan, St Martin, St Mawgan and St Keverne form that part of the Lizard Peninsula known as the Meneage, "the land of Monks". The stones on the window ledges in the North Aisle are thought to have come from the ruins of the monastery.
St. Momble of Lagny, Abbot(Mummolus (Mumbolus, Momleolus)
Died c. 690. The Irish monk Saint Mummolus was a companion of Saint Fursey (f.d. January 16), whom he succeeded as abbot of Lagny, in the diocese of Meaux. But he did not remain in that position long because too many of his monks thought that his rule was too strict. So Mummolus retired to a hermitage where he lived out his days in secluded prayer. His relics were translated and solemnly enshrined in 831 in the diocese of Meaux (Benedictines, D'Arcy, Fitzpatrick, Gougaud, Montague, O'Hanlon).